Kazhastan > Climate Summary
Explore the overview for a general context of how vulnerable and resilient Kazakhstan is to climate change. Explore climate impact and vulnerability by sector. View the results of the Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment for Kazakhstan. Explore the various options for climate adaptation in key sectors.
Kazakhstan experiences a continental climate, with long, hot summers and cold winters. Winter in the north of the country is long and cold – in some years the frosts reached - 52°C (Astana), but there are also thaws up to 5°C. The shortest season in the north is spring, which lasts 1.5 months, while summer lasts 3 months and winter extends from October to April. Snow primarily falls in November, but can continue through April.
Climate models make the following projections for Kazakhstan’s future climate:
- Mean temperatures are projected to be warmer, especially during December to February and June to August.
- Mean annual temperature is expected to increase by 2.9°С by 2050.
- "Cold" days are expected to decrease by 35 days per year by 2050.
- During December through May precipitation is projected to be decrease by 2%-5% by 2050.
- Precipitation for the months of June to November is projected to increase by 1%-4%.
- Annual precipitation is expected to decrease by 2060.