Kyrgyzsan > Impacts by Sector > Health
Explore the overview for a general context of how vulnerable and resilient Kyrgyzstan is to climate change. Explore climate impact and vulnerability by sector. View the results of the Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment for Kyrgyzstan. Explore the various options for climate adaptation in key sectors.
The human health sector has clear links to climate variability through both direct exposure as well as indirect pathways. Obviously, negative health impacts come from extreme climate events, such as heat waves, hurricanes/storms, floods and droughts. Gradual changes of climate affecting water, food and air quality also have negative influence on human health around the world. Beyond the physical effects are issues related to mental health. Research has shown that increased numbers of extreme events can leave significant fractions of the population with PTSD-like symptoms. Although controversial, studies indicate that there is linkage between rising temperatures and increase in aggression and violence in society.
Some of the most direct impacts that climate change might have on the health sector in Kyrgyzstan are listed below:
With every degree in Celsius of temperature increase, the call into hospitals increase by approximately 2.5%. This means that the Government of Kyrgyzstan will need to allocate additional budget and capacity to support the health sector. The main impacts of increased heat on health conditions include increases to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, as well as a decrease in overall food safety and greater incidence of traffic accidents.
Extreme precipitation increases the risk of pollution or contamination of drinking water supplies. In addition, the impact of hazards will increase.
Drought adds additional pressure on human health through more dehydration and reduced availability of drinking water.
The health sector in Kyrgyzstan will be impacted by increased heat and drought events, which will ultimately lead to increases in hospitilization and greater demand on health and emergency systems. The northern and western provinces are particularly vulnerable in the Health sector.