Kyrgyzsan > Impacts By Sectors > Forestry
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Many parts of Kyrgyzstan are covered by forests (5%). The increase in heat will cause a shift in the ecological zones of the Country and the likelihood that pest / diseases attacking large swath of forest areas. Like for the agriculture sector, an increase in temperature will cause stress in the growth of the forests. Furthermore, although the expected increase in precipitation over Kyrgyzstan might provide a positive impact, the increase in the frequency of extreme precipitation events will equally negatively impact these parts of the country as risk of erosion due to flooding will also increase.
Some of the most direct impacts that climate change might have on the forestry sector in Kyrgyzstan are listed below:
Increased heat patterns will result in additional incidence of pests and disease. Heat also contributes to a shift in ecological zones and causes more stress on the ecology. The margins of forest growth are expected to be reduced, with an increase in wildfire incidence.
The increase in precipitation that is expected over Kyrgyzstan will positively affect the forest areas.
Heavier precipitation events will result in increased runoff and the associated risk of soil erosion. Less water is expected to infiltrate to the aquifer, increasing the risk of waterlogging.
Over the long-term, the increase in the frequency and severity of droughts will cause a reduction in the forest growth, with increased incidence of wildfires.
Forestry in Kyrgyzstan will experience, as result of the heat and drought, a shift in the eco-zoning to colder areas (especially in the mountains) and an increase of pests and diseases. The most vulnerable areas are the northern provinces of Chuy and Issyk Kul.