Uzbekistan > Impacts By Sectors > Forestry
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Only small portions of Uzbekistan are covered by forests (8%). Rising temperatures and heat will cause ecological zones to shift, a major cocnern for the valuable forest areas. Pest and disease could more likely afflict large swaths of forests. Similar to the impact it has on agriculture, rising temperatures will add more stress to forest growth. Furthermore, despite the fact that precipitation levels are projected to increase throughout Uzbekistan, this potential positive impact could be offset in forest areas by a greater frequency in extreme precipitation events that bring greater risk of soil erosion.
Some of the most direct impacts that climate change might have on the forestry sector in Uzbekistan are listed below:
Increased heat patterns will result in additional incidence of pests and disease. Heat also contributes to a shift in ecological zones and causes more stress on the ecology. The margins of forest growth are expected to be reduced, with an increase in wildfire incidence.
The increase in precipitation that is expected over Uzbekistan will positively affect the forest areas.
Heavier precipitation events will result in increased runoff and the associated risk of soil erosion. Less water is expected to infiltrate to the aquifer, increasing the risk of waterlogging.
Over the long term, the increase in the frequency and severity of droughts will cause a reduction in the forest growth, with increased incidence of wildfires.
Forestry in highland mountainous areas will experience, as result of the heat and drought, a shift in the eco-zoning to colder areas and an increase of pest and disease.