Turkmenistan > Impacts by Sector > Health
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The human health sector has clear links to climate variability through both direct exposure as well as indirect pathways. Obviously, negative health impacts come from extreme climate events, such as heat waves, hurricanes/storms, floods and droughts. Gradual changes of climate affecting water, food and air quality also have negative influence on human health around the world. Beyond the physical effects are issues related to mental health. Research has shown that increased numbers of extreme events can leave significant fractions of the population with PTSD-like symptoms. Although controversial, studies indicate that there is linkage between rising temperatures and increase in aggression and violence in society.
Some of the most direct impacts that climate change might have on the health sector in Turkmenistan are listed below:
With every degree in Celsius of temperature increase, the call into hospitals increase by approximately 2.5%. This means that the Government of Turkmenistan will need to allocate additional budget and capacity to support the health sector. The main impacts of increased heat on health conditions include increases to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, as well as a decrease in overall food safety and greater incidence of traffic accidents.
Extreme precipitation increases the risk of pollution or contamination of drinking water supplies. In addition, the impact of hazards will rise.
Drought adds additional pressure on human health through more dehydration and reduced availability of drinking water.
The health sector may as result of heat and drought, expect an increase of call into hospitals all over the country, but especially in the southern and western provinces, with Balkan and Mary province as first impacted, followed by Ahal province. Also the emergency capacity will be impacted.